In Basilicata, Aglianico has the distinction of being the region’s only DOCG wine (Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita), Italy’s highest wine classification. The Aglianico di Vultura, produced on the steep slopes of Mt. Vulture, an ancient volcano in the northern area of the province of Potenza, is widely considered to be one of southern Italy’s greatest wines.
The free draining, rich, dark soils of decomposed volcanics, combined with the higher altitude, allow the Mt. Vulture zone to produce particularly rich, concentrated wines. The best performing sites are between 1,000 and 1,600 feet. The temperatures are slightly cooler there, with a notable diurnal swing in temperatures. The altitude helps to preserve acidity, while at the same time slowing the accumulation of sugars, prolonging the ripening or “hang time” of the grapes. This area is among the sunniest in Italy. Vineyards here receive more hours of sunshine than just about any other grapes in the world.
Aglianico: The Worlds Oldest Cultivated Grape is Italy’s Unknown Wine Treasure